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Hazardous Materials Transportation Guides





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                   HAZARDOUS MATERIALS DEFINITIONS

The following definitions have been abstracted from the Code of
Federal Regulations, Title 49, Transportation, Parts 100-199. 
Refer to the referenced sections for complete details.  Note: In
column (1), 49 CFR 172.101, Hazardous Materials Table, the (+)
fixes the proper shipping name and hazard class.  The name and
class do not change whether the material meets or does not meet the
definition of that class. (49 CFR 172.101(b)(1))

HAZARDOUS MATERIAL - A substance or material, including a hazardous
substance, which has been determined by the Secretary of
Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to
health, safety, and property when transported in commerce, and
which has been so designated. (See 49 CFR 171.8)

MULTIPLE HAZARDS - A material meeting the definition of more than one
hazard class and must be classed according to its position on the
list in 49 CFR 173.2(a).

For example, a material that meets the definition of a flammable
liquid and an irritating material would be classed as a flammable
liquid.


DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

EXPLOSIVES               An Explosive is any chemical compound,
                         mixture, or device which is designed to
                         function by explosion, that is
                         substantially instantaneous with the
                         release of gas and heat.  Exception--such
                         compound, mixture, or device which is
                         otherwise specifically classified in Parts
                         171-180. (See 49 CFR 173.50)


CLASS A             1    Detonating.  Maximum Hazard.  The nine
                         types of Class A explosives are defined in
                         49 CFR 173.53.


CLASS B             1    Flammable Hazard. In general, functions by
                         rapid combustion rather than detonation. 
                         Included are explosive devices such as
                         special fireworks, flash powders, etc. (49
                         CFR 173.88)


CLASS C             1    Minimum hazard. Small arms ammunition,
                         certain types of fireworks and various
                         types of manufactured articles containing
                         restricted quantities of Class A and/or
                         Class 11 explosives as components. 
                         Included are common fireworks and various
                         types of small arms ammunition
                         manufactured articles which contain
                         restricted quantities of Class A or Class
                         B explosives. (49 CFR 173.100)

                                 1-1





DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

BLASTING AGENT      1    Blasting Agent.  A material designed for
                         blasting which has been tested in
                         accordance with 49 CFR 173.114(a)(b). It
                         must be so insensitive that there is very
                         little probability of: (1) accidental
                         explosion or (2) going from burning to
                         detonation. (49 CFR 173.114a(a))

GASES               2    Compressed Gas.  Any material or mixture
                         having in-the-container an absolute
                         pressure exceeding NON-FLAMMABLE GAS 40
                         psi at 70' F, OR a pressure exceeding 104
                         psi at 130'F; or any liquid flammable 
                         material having a vapor pressure exceeding
                         40 psi at 100'F. (49 CFR 173.300(a))

                    2    Non-liquified Compressed Gas - A gas
                         (other than gas in solution) which, under
                         the charged pressure, is entirely gaseous
                         at a temperature of 70'F. (49 CFR
                         173.300(c))

                    2    Liquefied Compressed Gas - A gas which,
                         under the charged pressure, is partially
                         liquid at a temperature of 70-F. (49 CFR
                         173.300(d))

                    2    Compressed Gas in solution - A non-
                         liquified compressed gas which is
                         dissolved in a solvent. (49 CFR
                         173.300(e))

                    2    Flammable Compressed Gas - Any compressed
                         gas meeting criteria as specified in 49
                         CFR 173.300(a) and (1)).  This includes:
                         lower flammability limit, flammability
                         limit range, flame projection, or flame
                         propagation.

                    2    Nonflammable Gas - Any compressed gas
                         other than a flammable compressed gas.


FLAMMABLE LIQUID    3    Flammable liquid -  Any liquid having a
                         flash point below 100'F.  Authorized
                         methods to determine flashpoints are
                         listed in 49 CFR 173.115(d). For
                         exceptions, see 49 CFR 173.115(a).

                                 1-2





DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

FLAMMABLE LIQUID    3    Pyrophoric Liquid - Any liquid that
                         ignites spontaneously in dry or moist air
                         at or below 130'F. (49 CFR 173.115(c))

COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID  3    Combustible liquid - Any liquid that does
                         not meet any other hazard class, other
                         than ORM-E, having a flash point at or
                         above 100'F. and below 200'F. For
                         exceptions, see 49 CFR 173.115(b).
                         Authorized methods to determine
                         flashpoints are listed in 49 CFR
                         173.115(d). Exceptions are found in 49 CFR
                         173.118(a).


FLAMMABLE SOLID     4    Flammable Solid - Any solid material
                         (other than an explosive) which under
                         normal transportation conditions is liable
                         to cause fires through friction or
                         retained heat from manufacturing or
                         processing.  It can, be ignited readily and
                         burns so vigorously and persistently, as
                         to create a serious transportation hazard. 
                         Included in this class are spontaneously
                         combustible and water reactive material.
                         (49 CFR 173.150)

                    4    Spontaneously Combustible Material (solid)
                         - A solid substance (including sludges and
                         pastes) which may undergo spontaneous
                         Treating or self-ignition under normal
                         transportation conditions.  These
                         materials may increase in temperature and
                         ignite when exposed to air. (49 CFR 171.8)

                    4    Water Reactive Material (solid) - Any
                         solid substance (including sludges and
                         pastes) which react with water by igniting
                         or giving off dangerous quantities of
                         flammable or toxic gases. (49 CFR 171.8)


ORGANIC PEROXIDE    5    Organic Peroxide - Any organic compound
                         containing the bivalent -0-0- structure. 
                         It may be considered a derivative of
                         hydrogen peroxide where one or more of the
                         hydrogen atoms have been replaced by
                         organic radicals.  It must be classed as
                         an organic peroxide unless it meets
                         certain criteria listed in 49 CFR
                         173.151(a).

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DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

OXIDIZER            5    An Oxidizer - A substance such as
                         chlorate, permanganate, inorganic
                         peroxide, or a nitrate, that yields oxygen
                         readily to stimulate the combustion of
                         organic matter. (49 CFR 173.151)


POISON A            2    Extremely Dangerous Poisons - Poisonous
                         gases or liquids--a very small amount of
                         the gas, or vapor of the liquid, mixed
                         with air is dangerous to life. (49 CFR
                         173.326)


POISON B            6    Less Dangerous Poisons - Substances,
                         liquid or solid (including pastes and
                         semi-solids), other than Class A Poisons
                         or Irritating Materials--so toxic (or
                         presumed to be toxic) to man that they are
                         a  hazard to health during transportation.
                         (49 CFR 173.343(a))


IRRITATING MATERIAL 6    An Irritating Material - A liquid or solid
                         substance which, upon contact with fire or
                         air, gives off dangerous or intensely
                         irritating fumes. It does not include any
                         poisonous material, Class A.(49 CFR
                         173.381)

ETIOLOGIC AGENT     6    An Etiologic agent - A living micro-
                         organism (or its toxin) which causes (or
                         may cause) human disease, and includes
                         those agents listed in 49 CFR 72.3.(49 CFR
                         173.386)


RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL  7  Radioactive Material - Any material, or
                         combination of materials, that
                         spontaneously gives off ionizing
                         radiation. It has a specific activity
                         greater than 0.002 microcuries per gram.
                         (49 CFR 173.403)(See 49 CFR 173.403(a)
                         through (z) for details.)


CORROSIVE, MATERIAL 8    Corrosive Material - A liquid or solid
                         that causes visible destruction or
                         irreversible damage to human skin tissue
                         on contact. Also, it may be a liquid that
                         has a severe corrosion rate on steel. (See
                         49 CFR 173.240 (a) and (b) for details.)

                                 1-4





DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

ORM- OTHER REGULATED MATERIALS
                    9    (1) Any material that may pose an
                         unreasonable risk to health, safety, and
                         property when transported in commerce; and
                         (2) does not meet any of the definitions
                         of the other hazard classes specified in
                         this  subchapter, or (3) has been
                         reclassed an ORM (specifically or
                         permissively) according to this
                         subchapter. (49 CFR 173.500(a))


ORM-A               9    An ORM-A is material which has an
                         anesthetic, irritating, noxious, toxic, or
                         other similar property. If the material
                         leaks during transportation, passengers
                         and crew would experience extreme
                         annoyance and discomfort. (49 CFR
                         173.500(b)(1))

ORM-B               9    An ORM-B is material, (including a solid
                         when wet with water), the leakage of which
                         could cause significant damage to the
                         vehicle transporting it. Materials meeting
                         one or both of the following criteria are
                         ORM-it materials: (1) specifically
                         designated by name in 49 CFR 172.101
                         and/or (2) a liquid substance that has a
                         corrosion rate exceeding 0.250 inch per
                         year(IPY) on non-clad aluminum. An
                         acceptable test is described in NACE
                         Standard TM-01-69.(49 CFR 173.500(b)(2))


ORM-C               9    An ORM-C is material which has other
                         inherent characteristics not described as
                         an ORM-A or ORM-B, but which make it
                         unsuitable for shipment, unless properly
                         identified and prepared for
                         transportation. Each ORM-C material is
                         specifically named in 49 CFR 172.101. (49
                         CFR 173.500(b)(3))

                                 1-5





DOT HAZARD     UN CLASS  DEFINITION
CLASS

ORM-D               9    An ORM-D is a material such as a consumer
                         commodity which presents a limited hazard
                         during transportation due to its form,
                         quantity and packaging. It must be a
                         material for which exceptions are provided
                         in 172.101. Shipping descriptions
                         applicable to ORM-D materials are found in
                         49 CFR 172.101. (49 CFR 173.500(b)(4))


ORM-E               9    An ORM-E is a material that is not
                         included in any other hazard class but is
                         subject to the requirements of this
                         subchapter.  Materials in this class
                         include: (1) HAZARDOUS WASTE and (2)
                         HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, as defined in 49 CFR
                         171.8. (49 CFR 173.500(b)(5))


THE FOLLOWING ARE OFFERED TO EXPLAIN SOME OF THE ADDITIONAL TERMS
USED IN PREPARATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FOR SHIPMENT. (49 CFR
171.8)

DOT TERM                     EXPLANATION

CONSUMER COMMODITY
     A material that is packaged or distributed in a form intended
     or suitable for sale through retail sales agencies.  The
     material is for use by individuals for personal care or
     household use.  This term also includes drugs and medicines.
     (49 CFR 171.8)

FLASH POINT
     The minimum temperature at which the flammable vapors of a
     substance (in contact with a spark or flame) will ignite.  For
     liquids, see 49 CFR 173.115. ],or solids, see 49 CFR 173.150.

FORBIDDEN 
     A material that is prohibited from being offered or accepted
     for transportation.  This Prohibition does not apply if these
     materials are diluted, stabilized, or incorporated in devices
     AND they are classed in accordance with Part 173 of the
     subchapter. (See 49 CFR 172.101 (d)(1)).

                                 1-6





DOT TERM                     EXPLANATION

HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE
     A material, including its mixtures and solutions, that: (1) is
     listed in the Appendix to 172.101; (2) is in a quantity, in
     one package, which equals or exceeds the reportable quantity
     (RQ) listed in the Appendix to 49 CFR 172.101; (3) when in a
     mixture or solution for radionuclides conform to the appendix
     to 172.101, Table 2 is in a concentration by weight, which
     equals or exceeds the concentration corresponding to the RQ of
     the material as shown in the table of the 'hazardous
     substance" definition in 49 CFR 171.8. This definition does
     not apply to petroleum products that are lubricants or fuels.
     (See 40 CFR 300.6.)

HAZARDOUS WASTE
     Any material that is subject to the Hazardous Waste Manifest
     Requirements or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
     specified in the CFR Title 40, Part 262.  For answers to
     questions regarding EPA hazardous waste regulations, call 1-
     800-424-9346 in Washington, DC.

LIMITED QUANTITY
     The maximum amount of a hazardous material authorized for
     specific labeling and packaging exceptions.  Consult the
     section applicable to the particular hazard class.  See 49 CFR
     173.118, 173.118(a), 173.153, 173.244, 173.306, 173.345, and
     173.364.

*    THIS HANDOUT IS DESIGNED AS A TRAINING AID FOR ALL INTERESTED
PARTIES WHO MAY BECOME INVOLVED WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.  IT DOES
NOT RELIEVE PERSONS FROM COMPLYING WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF
TRANSPORTATION'S HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS.  SPECIFIC
CRITERIA FOR HAZARD CLASSES AND RELATED DEFINITIONS ARE FOUND IN
THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR), TITLE 49, PARTS 100-199.

Note:This material may be reproduced without special permission
from this office.

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                    GUIDE FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
                           SHIPPING PAPERS

USE OF GUIDE - This Guide is designed for in-house use when
reviewing hazardous material shipping paper requirements.  However,
this document should not be used to determine compliance with the
U.S. DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR).

1.   DEFINITIONS

     A.   Shipping Paper - (49 CFR 171.8) A shipping paper is a
          shipping order, bill of lading, manifest, or other
          shipping document serving a similar purpose and
          containing the information required by 49 CFR 172.202,
          172.203 and 172.204.

     B.   Hazardous Waste Manifest - (40 CFR 262.20) A hazardous
          waste manifest is a document (shipping paper) on which
          all hazardous waste is identified.  A copy of the
          manifest must accompany each shipment of waste from the
          point of pick-up to the destination.  For waste
          shipments, the hazardous waste manifest satisfies DOT
          shipping paper requirements, if all DOT requirements for
          shipping papers are met. (49 CFR 172.205)

2.   SHIPPER'S RESPONSIBILITY - (49 CFR 172.200(a)) The person
     offering a hazardous material for transport has the
     responsibility to Properly prepare the shipping paper. (See
     also 49 CFR 173.22.)

3.   GENERAL ENTRIES ON SHIPPING PAPERS - (49 CFR 172.201)

     A.   Contents - When describing a hazardous material on a
          shipping paper, that description must conform to the
          following requirements

          (1)  When a hazardous material and other materials are
               both described on the same shipping paper, the
               hazardous material description entries:

               (a)  Must be entered first, or

               (b)  Must be entered in a contrasting color (or
                    highlighted in a contrasting color - for
                    reproduced copies of the shipping paper only),
                    or

               (c)  Must be identified by the entry "X" placed
                    before the proper shipping name in a column
                    captioned "IIM." The "X" may be replaced by
                    "RQ" (Reportable Quantity), if appropriate.
                    (See Figure I on following page.)

          (2)  The required shipping description on the original
               shipping paper and all copies must be legible and
               printed (manually or mechanically) in English.

          (3)  The required description may not contain any code or
               abbreviation, unless it is specifically authorized
               or required, such as "UN," United Nations, "NA,"
               North America, or "Ltd Qty," Limited Quantity.

                                 2-1





          (4)  A shipping paper may contain additional information
               concerning the material provided that the
               information is not inconsistent with the required
               description.  The additional information must be
               placed after the basic description required by 49
               CFR 172.202(a)(4).

               (a)  When appropriate, the entries "IMO" or "IMO
                    Class" may be entered immediately before or
                    immediately following the class entry in the
                    basic description.

               (b)  If a material meets the definition of more than
                    one hazard class, the additional hazard
                    class(es) may be entered after the hazard class
                    in the basic description.

NOTE:     The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
issues the "Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of
Dangerous Goods by Air" for the international transportation of
goods by air.

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) issues the
"International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG)" for the
international transportation of hazardous materials by water.

The terms "dangerous goods" and "hazardous materials" are
considered synonymous.

     B.   Name of Shipper - A shipping paper for a shipment by
          water must contain the name of the shipper.

     C.   Emergency Response Telephone Number - A shipping paper
          must contain an emergency response telephone number, as
          required by 49 CFR, Subpart G of Part 172.

4.   HAZARDOUS MATERIALS DESCRIPTION - (49 CFR 172.202) The
     shipping description of a hazardous material on a shipping
     paper must include the following information:

     A.   Proper Shipping Name - The name prescribed for material
          in 49 CFR 172.101 Hazardous Materials Table or 172.102
          Optional IIMT MAY NOT BE ABBREVIATED. (49 CFR 172.202 (a)
          (1)).

     B.   The Hazard Class of the Material - The class prescribed
          for material in 49 CFR IIM Table 172.101 or 172.102
          Optional IIMT. (See 49 CFR 172.202(a)(2).)

     C.   The Identification Number - The number prescribed in the
          IIM Table 172.101 or 172,102 Optional table for the
          material (preceded by "UN" or "NA," as appropriate). (49
          CFR 172.202(a)(3))

     D.   The Total Quantity By Weight (net or gross, as
          appropriate) or volume, including the unit of measure, of
          the hazardous material, except for empty packagings,
          cylinders of compressed gases, and packagings of greater
          than 110 gallon capacity. (49 CFR (172.202 (a)(4))

     E.   Except as otherwise provided in the regulations, the
          basic description specified in 172.202 (a)(t),(2), and
          (3) must be in the sequence shown.  For example:
          "Acetone, Flammable liquid, UN 1090." (49 CFR
          172.202(b)).

                                 2-2





     F.   The total quantity of the material covered by one
          description must appear before or after (or both before
          and after) the basic description. (49 CFR 172.202(c)).

          (1)  Abbreviations may be used to specify the type of
               packaging and units of measure of the total
               quantity.  For example: 10 ctns.  Paint, flammable
               Liquid, UN 1263, 500 lbs. (49 CFR 172.202(c)(1)).

          (2)  Type of packaging and destination marks may be
               entered in any appropriate manner before or after
               the basic description. (49 CFR 172.202(c)(2)).

5.   ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION REQUIREMENTS (49 CFR 172.203) (ALL
     MODES)

     A.   Exemptions - Each shipping paper issued in connection
          with shipment made under an exemption must bear the
          notation "DOT-E" followed by the exemption number
          adjacent to the description to which the exemption
          applies. (49 CFR 172.203 (a))

     B.   Limited Quantities - Descriptions for materials offered
          as "Limited Quantities" must include the words "Limited
          Quantities" or "Ltd Qty" following the basic description.
          (49 CFR 172.203(b))

     C.   Hazardous Substances (49 CFR 172.203(c))

          (1)  If the proper shipping name (for a material that is
               a hazardous substance) does not identify the
               hazardous substance by name, the following shall be
               entered, in parentheses, in association with the
               basic description:

               (a)  Name of the hazardous substance from the
                    Appendix to the 49 CFR 172.101 Hazardous
                    Materials Table, or

               (b)  For waste streams, the waste stream number (A
                    "waste stream" is a hazardous waste liquified,
                    sludge, solid, gas] continuously generated from
                    a manufacturing process.  Such waste will be
                    listed in either 49) CFR 261.31 or 40 CFR
                    261.32, and will be assigned an EPA waste
                    stream number-), or

               (c)  For wastes exhibiting an EPA characteristic of
                    ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or EPA
                    toxicity the letters "EPA" followed by the word
                    "ignitability," "corrosivity," "reactivity," or
                    "El" toxicity" or the corresponding "I)"
                    number, as appropriate.

          (2)  The letters "RQ" (Reportable Quantity) shall be
               entered on the shipping paper either before or after
               the basic description required by 49 CFR 172.202 for
               each hazardous substance.(See definition in 49 CFR
               171.8)

               Example: "RQ, Cresol, Corrosive UN 2076"; or
               "Hazardous Substance, Solid, n.o.s., ORM-E, NA 9188
               (Adipic Acid), RQ."

     D.   Radioactive Materials - For additional description
          requirements for radioactive materials, refer to 49 CFR
          172.203(d).

                                 2-3





                         GUIDE FOR MARKINGS

USE OF GUIDE - This guide was prepared as an aid to shippers and
carriers of hazardous materials.  It does not contain or refer to
all of the DOT requirements for marking.  For specific details,
refer to appropriate Section of Title 49, Code of Federal
Regulations (CFR), Parts 100-199.

MARKING - means placing on the outside of a shipping container, one
or more of the following: the proper shipping name, hazard class,
identification number, instructions, caution, and/or weight. 
Marking also includes any required specification marks on the
inside or outside shipping container.

                       DESCRIPTIVE INFORMATION

I.   GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (49 CFR 172.300-172.304)

     A.   Unless Specifically Excepted, all packages of hazardous
          materials must be marked with:
          1.   The proper shipping name.
          2.   UN or NA Identification number of the contents (49
               CFR 172.101 or 49 CFR 172.102, Hazardous Materials
               Tables.)
          3.   if the inhalation toxicity of any material in a
               package falls within the criteria specified in 49
               CFR 173.3a(b)(2), the package shall be marked
               "Inhalation Hazard" in association with the required
               label(s).
          4.   The name and address of either the consignee or
               consignor.

     B.   All markings must be:

          1.   Durable and in English, printed or affixed to the
               surface of the package or on a label, tag or sign.
          2.   On a background of a sharply contrasting color, and
               unobscured by labels or attachments.
          3.   Placed away from other marking that could reduce
               effectiveness.

II.  SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

     A.   HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (49 CFR 172.324)

          1.   For a package of 110 gallons or less that contains a
               hazardous substance that is not identified by the
               proper shipping name, one of the following must be
               entered, in parentheses, in association with the
               proper shipping name:

               a.   Name of the hazardous substance from Appendix
                    to 49 CFR 172.101, or 
               b.   For waste streams, the waste stream number or
               c.   For waste exhibiting an EPA characteristic of
                    ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or EPA
                    toxicity, the letters EPA followed by
                    "ignitability", or "corrosivity", or
                    "reactivity", or "EPA toxicity", or the
                    corresponding "D" number, as appropriate.

          2.   Each package with a capacity of 110 gallons or less
               that contains a hazardous substance must display
               "RQ" in association with the proper shipping name.

                                 3-1





     B.   LIQUID HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (49 CFR 172.312)

          1.   Must be packed with the closures of the inside
               packaging in the upright position.
          2.   Must have marking "THIS SIDE UP" or "THIS END UP" on
               the outside packaging.
          3.   Should use arrow symbol on the outside packaging to
               show upright orientation of packages. (See ANSI
               Standard MH6.11968 "Pictorial Marking for Handling
               Goods.")

     C.   CONTAINERS-OVERPACKS

          1.   The outside container (overpack) must be marked in
               accordance with 49 CFR 173.25.

     D.   CONTAINER-CYLINDERS

          1.   All cylinders must be marked in accordance with 49
               CFR 173.34 and 49 CFR 173.301 through 173.306.
          2.   Reinspected and Retested Cylinders must be marked in
               accordance with 49 CFR 173.34(e)(6).

III. TANKS

     A.   PORTABLE TANKS (49 CFR 172.326 and 49 CFR 172.332) -
          Portable tanks must be marked with:

          1.   Proper shipping name - in letters at least 2 inches
               high and on two opposite sides.
          2.   Identification number - UN or NA (United Nation or
               North American) identification number on:
               TWO OPPOSITE SIDES (near proper shipping name) on
               tanks of less than 1,000 gallons capacity; on EACH
               SIDE AND EACH END on tanks of more than 1,000 gallon
               capacity.
          3.   Name of owner or lessee.
          4.   All inlets and outlets (except safety relief valves)
               when carrying compressed gases (DOT-51).
          5.   Whether or not the inlets and outlets communicate
               with vapor or liquid (49 CFR 178.245-6(b)).

     B.   CARGO TANKS - HIGHWAY (49 CFR 172.328) - Cargo tanks must
          be marked with:

          1.   Identification number - (49 CFR 172.101)
          2.   In addition to identification numbers, cargo tanks
               transporting compressed gases must be marked with:
               (a). Proper shipping name or appropriate common name
                    such as "Refrigerant Gas." Letters must be at
                    least 2 inches high on each end and each side.
                    (49 CFR 172.101, 172.102, and 172.328(c)(1)(2))
               (b). Inlets and outlets (except safety relief
                    valves) shall be marked to designate whether
                    the inlets and outlets communicate with vapor
                    or liquid, when the tank is filled to its
                    maximum permitted filling density. (49 CFR
                    178.337-9 for DOT MC 331 tanks)

NOTE:     When ID numbers are displayed on placards, orange panels
are not required.  When ID numbers are displayed on orange panels,
or white square-on-point display configurations, appropriate
placards are ALSO REQUIRED.  For materials in hazard classes for
which placards are specified and identification numbers are
required, but for which ID numbers may not be displayed on the
placards required for the material (49 CFR 172.334(a)), ID numbers
must be displayed on orange panels or on plain white square on-
point display configuration in association with the placard.  ID
numbers on white square-on-point display configuration are
considered markings and the display is not a placard. (49 CFR
172.332, 172.334, 172.336)

                                 3-2





     C.   TANKS CARS (49 CFR 172.330) - Certain cars are required
          to be marked on each side and each end (49 CFR 172.332
          and Parts 173 and 179 for specific details).  If required
          to be marked, they must include:

          1.   Proper shipping name or appropriate common name in
               letters at least 4 inches high with at least a 5/8"
               stroke.
          2.   Identification numbers - Display the appropriate
               number(s) (49 CFR 172.101) on placards, orange
               panels or white square-on-point display
               configurations.
          3.   The accurate name of the contents contained in the
               tank.

     NOTE:     For requirements for multi-unit tank car tanks, see
               49 CFR 172.330(d)-(f).

IV.  BULK PACKAGING  - (other than portable tanks, cargo tanks,
     tank cars and multi-unit tank car tanks) 49 CFR 172.331

     A.   Includes packages meeting the following criteria: (see 49
          CFR 171.8)

          1.   Internal volume greater than 118.9 gallons (450
               liters) for liquids, or
          2.   A capacity greater than 881.8 pounds (400 kilograms)
               for solids, or
          3.   A water capacity greater than 1000 pounds (453.6
               kilograms) for a gas as defined in 49 CFR 173.300.

     B.   Mark packages as prescribed in 49 CFR 172.332 or
          172.336(b), as appropriate, with the identification
          number specified in 172.101 when authorized:

          1.   On two opposite sides for packages of 1000 gallons
               (3785.4 liters or 133.7 cubic feet) or less
               capacity.
          2.   On each side and end for packages greater than 1000
               gallons (3785.4 liters or 133.7 cubic feet)
               capacity.  Identification numbers shall be displayed
               on orange panels or specified placards, or when
               appropriate, on white square-on-point display
               configurations having the same outside dimensions as
               a placard.

                                 3-3





V.   RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS (49 CFR 172.310) - In addition to any
     other marking required by Subpart D of 49 CFR 172 (Marking),
     each package must be marked as follows:

     A.   Gross weight must be marked on containers weighing over
          110 pounds.
     B.   "TYPE A" or "TYPE B"(as appropriate) in letters at least
          1/2 inch high.
     C.   "USA," must follow the specification markings or package
          certification on export shipments.

VI.  OTHER REGULATED MATERIALS (ORM's) (49 CFR 172.316)

     A.   Place the appropriate ORM designation immediately
          following or below the proper shipping name on at least
          one side or end of the package.
     B.   Marking must be within a rectangular border -
          approximately 1/4 inch in size on each side of
          "ORM______" (ORM designation).

NOTE:     By these markings, the shipper certifies that the
material is properly described, classed, packaged, marked, labeled,
and in proper condition for transportation.  The shipper's
certification is still required on the shipping paper (172.204).
When ID numbers are required, they must be displayed on either
orange panels (172.332 (b)) or on a plain white square-on-point
configuration having the same dimensions as a placard.


OTHER MARKING REQUIREMENTS

I.   REQUALIFIED CONTAINERS - DRUMS (marked by reconditioner). 
     Some steel containers in the DOT Series (DOT 17C, 17E, and
     17H) may be qualified for reuse by a DOT-registered
     reconditioner of drums.  The drums are stripped of labels,
     exemption numbers, and other markings.  They are reconditioned
     to meet 49 CFR 173.28 (m) and marked with the appropriate
     assigned registration number.

II.  CYLINDERS & TANKS - (Marked with inspection and/or retest
     date).  Reusable cylinders, portable tanks, cargo tanks and
     tank cars must be either visually inspected or retested at
     periodic intervals.  The date of requalification must be on
     the container. (See 49 CFR 173.24, 173.31, 173.32, 173.33, and
     173.34.)

III  CARGO HEATERS - Cargo heaters authorized for use with
     flammable liquid or gas must be marked in accordance with 49
     CFR 177.834 (1)(1)(2)(E) and (F).

IV.  MOTOR VEHICLES - A carrier may not move a transport vehicle
     containing hazardous material unless the vehicle is marked in
     accordance with Part 172 or unless an emergency exists. (See
     49 CFR 177.823.)

                                 3-4





                      SPECIFICATION CONTAINERS

I.   GENERAL - Specification containers must be marked with DOT
     specification numbers under which the containers are made (49
     CFR Parts 178 and 179).  'Me manufacturer's name and address
     or symbol must be registered with the Associate Administrator
     for Hazardous Materials Safety.  Duplicate symbols are not
     authorized.

II.  MARKINGS - All containers must comply with the marking
     requirements of 49 CFR 173.24, Parts 178 and 179.  Exceptions
     for Canadian and other import/export situations are found in
     49 CFR 171.12 and 171.12a.

NOTE:     For certain containers, specific detailed information
(such as original test date information and type of material) are
required. (See Parts 178 and 179.) As a final check before offering
a shipment for transportation, visually inspect the shipment.

This handout does not contain all the marking requirements.  It is
designed as a guide only.  For details on markings, consult the
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Parts 100-199.


This publication may be reproduced without special permission from
this office.


Revised: February 1991

                                 3-5





                              GUIDE FOR
                    HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SHIPPERS

USE OF GUIDE - This Guide is presented as an aid to shippers of
     hazardous materials.  It does not contain or refer to all of
     the DOT requirements for shipping hazardous materials.  For
     specific details, refer to all of the DOT requirements for
     shipping hazardous materials.  For specific details, refer to
     the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 49,
     Transportation, Parts 100-199.

The following is offered as a step-by-step procedure to aid in
compliance with the applicable DOT Regulations.

STEP 1 - DETERMINE THE PROPER SHIPPING NAME - The shipper must
determine the proper shipping name of the materials as listed in
the Hazardous Materials Table, 49 CFR 172.101, Column (2).

STEP 2 - DETERMINE THE HAZARD CLASS OR CLASSES

     A.   Refer to the Table, 49 CFR 172.101, Column (3) and locate
          the hazard class of the material.
     B.   If more than one class is shown for the proper shipping
          name, determine the proper class by definition.
     C.   If the materials have more than one hazard, classify the
          material based on the order of hazards in 49 CFR 173.2.

STEP 3 - SELECT THE PROPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS

     A.   Refer to the Table, 49 CFR 172.101, Column (3a) and
          select the Identification Number (ID) that corresponds to
          the proper shipping name and hazard class.
     B.   Enter the ID number(s) on the shipping papers and display
          them, as required, on packagings, placards and/or orange
          panels.

STEP 4 - DETERMINE THE MODE(S) OF TRANSPORT TO ULTIMATE DESTINATION

     A.   As a shipper, you must assure yourself that the shipment
          complies with various modal requirements.
     B.   The modal requirements may affect the following: (1)
          Packaging; (2) Quantity per Package; (3) Marking; (4)
          Labeling; (5) Shipping papers; (6) Certification.

STEP 5 - SELECT THE PROPER LABEL(S) AND APPLY AS REQUIRED

     A.   Refer to the Table, 49 CFR 172.101, Column (4 ) for
          required labels.
     B.   For details on labeling refer to: (1) Additional Labels,
          49 CFR 172.402; (2) Placement of Labels 49 CFR 172.406;
          (3) Packagings (Mixed or Consolidated), 49 CFR 172.404(a)
          and (b); (4)Packages Containing Samples, 49 CFR
          172.402(h); (5) Radioactive Materials, 49 CFR 172.403;
          and, (6) Authorized Label Modifications, 49 CFR 172.405.

                                 4-1





STEP 6 - DETERMINE AND SELECT THE PROPER PACKAGES

     A.   Refer to the Table, 49 CFR 172.101, column 5(a) for
          exceptions and Column (5b) for specification packagings. 
          Consider the following when selecting an authorized
          package: Quantity per package; Cushioning material, if
          required; Proper closure and reinforcement; Proper
          pressure; Outage; etc. as required.
     B.   If packaged by a prior shipper, make sure the packaging
          is correct and in proper condition for transportation.

STEP 7 - MARK THE PACKAGING (INCLUDING OVERPACKS)

     A.   Apply the required markings (49 CFR 172.300); Proper
          shipping name and ID number, when required (49 CFR
          172.301); Name and address of Consignee or Consignor (49
          CFR 172.306).
     B.   For details and other required markings, see 49 CFR
          172.300 through 172.338.

STEP 8 - PREPARE THE SHIPPING PAPERS

     A.   He basic requirements for preparing shipping papers
          include: Proper Shipping name; Hazard class; ID number;
          Total quantity; Shipper's certification; and emergency
          response telephone number.
     B.   Make all entries on the shipping papers using the
          information required and in proper sequence (49 CFR
          172.202).
     C.   For additional requirements, see 49 CFR 172.200 through
          172.205.

STEP 9 - CERTIFICATION

     A.   Each shipper must certify by printing (manually or
          mechanically) on the shipping papers that the materials
          being offered for shipment are properly classified,
          described, packaged, marked and labeled, and in proper
          condition for transportation according to the applicable
          DOT Regulations (49 CFR 172.204).
     B.   For surface shipments; see 49 CFR 172.204(a) and (b); for
          air shipments, see 49 CFR 172.204(c).

STEP 10 - LOADING, BLOCKING AND BRACING -
     When loading hazardous materials into the transport vehicle or
freight container, each package must be loaded, blocked and braced
in accordance with the requirements for mode of transport.

     A.   If the shipper loads the freight container or transport
          vehicle, the shipper is responsible for the proper
          loading, blocking, and bracing of the materials.
     B.   If the carrier does the loading, the carrier is
          responsible.

STEP 11 - DETERMINE THE PROPER PLACARD(S) -
     Each person who offers hazardous materials for transportation
must determine that the placarding requirements have been met.

     A.   For Highway, unless the vehicle is already correctly
          placarded, the shipper must provide the required
          placard(s) and required ID number(s) (49 CFR 172.506).
     B.   For Rail, if loaded by the shipper, the shipper must
          placard the rail car if placards are required. (49 CFR
          172.508)
     C.   For Air and Water shipments, the shipper has the
          responsibility to apply the proper placards.

                                 4-2





STEP 12 - HAZARDOUS WASTE/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE

     A.   If the material is classed as a hazardous waste or
          hazardous substance, most of the above steps will be
          applicable.
     B.   Pertinent Environmental Protection Agency Regulations are
          found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part
          262.


AS A FINAL CHECK AND BEFORE OFFERING THE SHIPMENT FOR
TRANSPORTATION, VISUALLY INSPECT YOUR SHIPMENT.  THE SHIPPER SHOULD
ENSURE THAT EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION IS ON THE VEHICLE FOR
TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.

NOTE:     This material may be reproduced without special
permission from this office.

Revised: February 1991

                                 4-3





                              GUIDE FOR
                    HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CARRIERS

USE OF GUIDE - This Guide was prepared as an aid to carriers of
hazardous materials.  It does not contain or refer to all of the
DOT requirements for transporting hazardous materials.  For
specific details, refer to the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR),
Title 49, Transportation, Parts 100-199.

Basically, all "for hire" carriers and all "private carriers" are
subject to the same or at least very similar DOT hazardous
materials regulations.

Containerization and other modern freight handling procedures
frequently prevent initial carriers from making physical
inspections of the freight.  It is more difficult for interline
(secondary) carriers to determine the physical condition of freight
or regulatory compliance.  Carriers, therefore, must frequently
accept the word of shippers as to the suitability of the package
and the accuracy of the material description.  Therefore, it is
very important to carefully review the shipping documents including
the shippers' certification.  Always visually inspect the transport
vehicle or freight container for leaks or potential problems.

Careful attention to the following subject areas will,aid in
complying with the "Carrier Regulations":

I.   DETERMINE EMPLOYEE QUALIFICATIONS

"It is the duty of each motor carrier to comply with the prescribed
regulations and to thoroughly instruct employees in relation
thereto." [Refer to CFR, Title 49, 174.7 (Rail); 175.20 (****r);
176.13 (Water); and 177.800(b) (Highway)].

This means that carriers are required to make certain that
employees who have any responsibility for receiving, processing or
transporting hazardous materials are thoroughly instructed.  They
must know the applicable regulations that apply to their job
functions.  The following suggestions will help to meet this
requirement:

     A.   Identify all personnel who have hazardous materials
          transportation responsibilities.
     B.   Determine what additional instruction or training each
          needs (if any).
     C.   Assure that those needing instruction receive the
          instruction.
     D.   Maintain records of training.
     E.   Periodically review training needs and maintain the
          required expertise.

II.  DETERMINE CONDITION OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE

     A.   Make certain that the cargo space is suitable for
          loading.  It should be free of nails and other protruding
          sharp objects.
     B.   Make certain that the vehicle is suitable for the
          material to be loaded.  It must be in compliance with
          applicable carrier safety and hazardous materials
          regulations, as well.

                                 5-1





III. MAY THE SHIPMENT BE ACCEPTED FOR TRANSPORT?

"No person may accept for transportation any shipment of hazardous
material that is not in accordance with Parts 171, 172, and 173."
[Refer to CFR, Title 49, 174.3 (Rail); 175.3 (Air); 176.3 (Water);
177.801 (Highway)].

To comply with this provision, a carrier must:

     A.   Determine that the shipping papers are prepared in proper
          format and are accurate and complete.  At minimum, they
          must include the proper shipping name, hazard class, ID
          number, quantity, emergency response telephone number,
          and consignee (or consignor) name and address.
     B.   Obtain a proper shipper's certificate (unless excepted).
     C.   Determine that proper placard(s) and ID number(s) are
          displayed, when required.
     D.   Determine that emergency response information is on the
          vehicle.

When practical, a carrier should also determine that:

     A.   Authorized packagings are used and that they are in
          proper condition for transportation.
     B.   Each package is properly marked and labeled, when
          required.
     C.   The freight is adequately blocked and braced to prevent
          movement and/or damage in transit.

IV.  IS THE SHIPMENT TO BE INTERLINED?

     A.   Properly prepare the material so that the secondary
          carrier will accept it from you.  This is particularly
          important for intermodal and international shipments.
     B.   Modal requirements may affect the following: (1)
          Packaging; (2) Quantity per package; (3) Marking;
          (4)Labeling; (5) Shipping papers; (6) Certification.

V.   CARRIER LOADED FREIGHT

When the carrier loads the transport vehicle, make certain that:

     A.   Documentation matches the freight.
     B.   Materials are loaded in accordance with 49 CFR 177.848.
     C.   Poisons are not loaded with foodstuffs (unless excepted).
     D.   Damaged or leaking packages are not loaded.
     E.   Freight is properly blocked and braced to prevent damage
          in transit.
     F.   Proper placards and ID numbers are displayed, when
          required.
     G.   Required documentation is furnished by the
          driver/pilot/conductor/captain.


VI.  HAZARDOUS WASTE /HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE

     A.   When the material is classified as a hazardous waste or
          hazardous substance, there are additional registration,
          identification, and documentation regulations as stated
          in 49 CFR 172.205 and 172.324.
     B.   Pertinent Environmental Protection Agency Regulations are
          found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part
          262.

                                 5-2





VII. INCIDENT REPORTS

The carrier who transports hazardous materials (including hazardous
waste and hazardous substances) is responsible for reporting
requirements.  Most incidents involving unintentional releases of
hazardous materials in transportation must be reported to DOT. 
Detailed criteria concerning telephonic and/or written reports are
published in CFR, Title 49, Sections 171.15 and 171.16.

NOTE:     This material may be reproduced without special
permission from this office.


Revised: February 1991

                                 5-3





                  INDICATORS OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
                         SHIPMENT VIOLATIONS

The enforcer, shipper, container manufacturer, or carrier may use
this partial listing of items to spot check for compliance with the
DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations.  Included in this listing are
indicators only and not necessarily violations in and of
themselves.

The hazardous materials regulations for shippers are found in the
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Parts 171, 172, 173, 178,
179 and 180.  These Parts of 49 CFR contain general requirements
and communication regulations.  This list may be used as a guide
when looking for discrepancies or making a compliance inspection. 
Areas to consider include, but are not limited to: classification,
packaging, marking, labeling, placarding, loading, blocking and
documentation.  When using this information, remember it is
designed to be used as a guide only and does not cover all aspects
of the regulations.

I.   PROPER SHIPPING NAME AND HAZARD CLASS

     A.   Inaccurate designation of hazard class.
     B.   Failure to properly classify material having more than
          one hazard. (49 CFR 173.2)
     C.   Inaccurate description and/or proper shipping name for
          material being shipped (49 CFR 172.101 and 172.102)
     D.   Omission of technical name or names of material following
          n.o.s. description of material.  CFR (49 CFR 172.203(k))
     E.   When required, the letters "RQ" not displayed in
          association with the proper shipping name. (49 CFR
          172.203(c)(2))
     F.   Missing emergency response information and telephone
          number.

II.  PACKAGING (CONTAINERS IN GENERAL)

     A.   Use of DOT specification packages not authorized for the
          material being shipped.
     B.   Use of containers that are leaking. (49 CFR 173.24)
     C.   Manufacturing and marking containers as meeting a DOT
          specification when they do not meet the specification.
     D.   Packaging exceeding maximum quantity limitations for
          materials.
     E.   Packages improperly marked.
     F.   Offering for shipment improperly packaged material.
     G.   Consignee or consignor's name marking omitted from
          packaging. (49 CFR 172.306)
     H.   Identification numbers omitted on packagings. (49 CM
          172.301)

III. CONTAINERS (MISCELLANEOUS)

     A.   STEEL

          1.   Labeled containers with no DOT specification
               marking. (Commonly found violations are 5 gallon 29
               gauge metal pails and 5 gallon rectangular cans).
          2.   Packages of hazardous materials with temporary
               repairs (e.g. damaged, sealed with tape, putty,
               chewing gum, or screws).
          3.   Labeled containers in improper condition, i.e.,
               dented, rusted or corroded. (NOTE: Some of these are
               judgmental decisions).
          4.   Specification marking is illegible on labeled
               containers.

                                 6-1





          5.   Labeled reused containers marked "NRC" (look for old
               date of manufacturer, dents, rust, and paint
               layers).
          6.   Labeled reused containers marked "STC" and/or 17C,
               17E, and 17H with no reconditioner's marking.
          7.   Labeled reused containers with a reconditioner's
               marking that is not a DOT 17C, 17E, or 17H
               container.
          8.   Labeled 55 gallon open-head drums with 2 rolling
               hoops and/or less than 5/8 inch ring bolt, non-drop
               forged ring lugs, and/or "lever lock' ring closures.
               (Good possibility of non-DOT specification).
          9.   Imported drums marked as meeting the DOT Hazardous
               Materials Regulations.

     B.   FIBERBOARD BOXES

          1.   Boxes with no DOT specification marking, for
               example, when inside packaging$ are larger than the
               "limited quantity" exception for the commodity and
               specification packaging is required.
          2.   Boxes marked with DOT specification marking which
               are poorly constructed (i.e., gaps, uneven closures,
               seams and joint separation).
          3.   If inner flaps do not meet, are fill-in pieces used
               to fill void?
          4.   Boxes damaged by water.
          5.   Improperly closed boxes (look for masking tape,
               cellophane tape, and string).
          6.   Non-DOT specification fiberboard box used in lieu of
               specification container, when required.

     C.   POLYETHYLENE PACKAGINGS

          1.   Open-head polyethylene packagings used for materials
               not authorized- to be in them.
          2.   Illegible marked packagings.
          3.   Leaking containers offered for transportation.
          4.   When poison is shipped, is the container marked
               "POISON"?

     D.   FIBER DRUMS

          1.   Non-DOT specification fiber drums.
          2.   Fiber drums constructed of materials weaker than
               required by the specification.
          3.   Use of fiber drums marked DOT-21P without inside
               polyethylene liner.
          4.   Using fiber drums marked "STC" more than once for
               shipping hazardous materials.
          5.   Damaged fiber drums.
          6.   Improper markings on containers for the commodity
               being shipped.

     E.   CYLINDERS

          1.   Reuse of single-use cylinders such as DOT
               Specification 39.
          2.   Cylinders in use beyond test date.
          3.   Cylinders in improper condition:
               a.   No valve protection
               b.   Bulge inside
               c.   Dented or corroded
               d.   Defective valve
          4.   Cylinders refilled by other than the owner of the
               cylinder and without the permission of the owner.
          5.   Cylinders improperly marked, e.g. duplication of
               serial numbers.

                                 6-2





          6.   Cylinders offered for transportation without proper
               identification of contents.
          7.   Identification symbols not registered with the
               Department of Transportation.
          8.   Illegible cylinder markings.

     F.   PORTABLE TANKS

          1.   Name of owners or lessee omitted on tank.
          2.   No labels and/or placards displayed on tank
               containing hazardous materials.
          3.   No identification number displayed on the placard or
               on an orange panel. (I 172.326)

     G.   CARGO TANKS (QUALIFICATION AND MAINTENANCE) (49 CFR
          180.401-417)

          1.   Using a cargo tank without proper identification of
               contents.
          2.   Improperly marked, e.g. size of marking or not
               marked in contrasting color.
          3.   Omission of the marking "QT" (Quenched and Tempered
               Steel or "NQT" (other than Quenched and Tempered
               Steel), when required on cargo tanks. (49 CFR
               172.328(d) and 173.315)
          4.   Omission of identification number on placard or
               orange panel.
          5.   Test Date Markings missing or out-of-date.

IV.   MARKING OF CONTAINERS (49 CFR 172.300-172.338)

     A.   No proper shipping name and/or ID number on the
          container. (49 CFR 172.301)
     B.   No name and address of consignee or consignor on the
          container. (49 CFR 172.306)
     C.   No DOT Exemption number on containers shipped under DOT
          Exemptions. (49 CFR 173.22(a)(1)(iv))
     D.   Container marking not in a contrasting color. (49 CFR
          172.304)
     E.   Gross weight not marked on radioactive materials packages
          weighing over 110 pounds. (49 CFR 172.310)
     F.   Container of liquid hazardous material not marked on
          outside "THIS END UP" or "THIS SIDE UP." (49 CFR 172.312)
     G.   Reconditioned drums improperly marked. (49 CFR 173.28)
     H.   USA not included as part of the DOT Specification
          markings for radioactive materials packages destined for
          export. (49 CFR 172.310)
     I.   Portable tanks not marked with proper name of the
          hazardous material. (49 CFR 172.326)
     J.   Omission of identification numbers (when required on
          placard or orange panel. (49 CFR 172.332)
     K.   Omission of marking of INHALATION HAZARD, when required.
          (49 CFR 172.301)

V.   LABELING (49 CFR 172.400-172.450)

     A.   No labels on outer container to represent mixed packaging
          of hazardous materials. (49 CFR 172.404)
     B.   Label on the container not consistent with the hazard
          class on the shipping paper. (49 CFR 172.400)
     C.   Use of obsolete labels. (49 CFR 172.407)
     D.   Color and/or size of label does not meet standard. (49
          CFR 172.407)
     E.   No label on shipments destined for air transport. (49 CFR
          172.402)
     F.   Labeling containers not authorized to be labeled. (49 CFR
          172.400)
     G.   No label on "LIMITED QUANTITIES" offered for air
          transportation. (See appropriate section 49 CFR Part
          173.)

                                 6-3





     H.   Less than two radioactive materials labels (White I,
          Yellow 11, or Yellow III on containers (two opposite
          sides). (49 CFR 172.403)

VI.  PLACARDING AND VEHICLE MARKINGS (49 CFR 172.500-172.558)

     A.   Failure to placard vehicle requiring placarding. (49 CFR
          172.504)
     B.   Failure to use more than one kind of placard to indicate
          more than one hazard class of material loaded within
          vehicle. (49 CFR 172.504 and 172.505)
     C.   Over 640 cubic foot freight container containing
          hazardous material not placarded. (49 CFR 172.512)
     D.   Placards not applied to four sides of transport vehicle.
          (49 CFR 172.514)
     E.   Placarding material not authorized to be placarded. (49
          CFR 172.502)
     F.   Omission of identification number (when required) on
          placard or orange panel.

VII. SHIPPING PAPERS (49 CFR 172.200 - 172.205)

     A.   No proper shipping name and/or classification of
          hazardous material entered on shipping papers. (49 CFR
          172.202)
     B.   Proper shipping name and/or classification abbreviated.
          (49 CFR 172.202)
     C.   No certification for shipment. (49 CFR 172.204)
     D.   No wordage for "LIMITED QUANTITY" or "Ltd Qty" on
          shipments excepted from specification packaging and
          labeling. (49 CFR 172.203)
     E.   No DOT Exemption number on shipments moving under DOT
          Exemption. (49 CFR 172.203)
     F.   Color of label indicated in lieu of the proper hazard
          class. (49 CFR 172.202)
     G.   Inaccurate format for hazardous materials description on
          shipping papers, e.g., HM entries not first, in
          contrasting color or no HM column. (49 CFR 172.201)
     H.   No identification number (UN or NA on shipping paper. (49
          CFR 172.202)
     I.   Missing emergency response information and telephone
          number.

NOTE: This material may be reproduce without special permission
from this office.


Revised: February 1991

                                 6-4



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