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Transportation Librarians Roundtable
Transportation Research Thesaurus: Taxonomy Development and Use Cases

Slide 1
TOPIC: Transportation Research Thesaurus: Taxonomy Development and Use Cases

  • 14 February 2008
  • 2:00 PM EST
  • Presented by Jay Ven Eman, Ph.D., CEO
  • Access Innovations, Inc. / Data Harmony
  • 505.998.0800 / www.accessinn.com / www.dataharmony.com
  • j_ven_eman@accessinn.com

Slide 2
Access Innovations, Inc.

  • 30 years in business!
    • Founded in 1978 by Marjorie M.K. Hlava
  • Woman-owned, small business
  • GSA MAS contractor –GS-35F-0820N

Slide 3
Access Innovations, Inc.

  • Professional services and software for information and content optimization
  • Moving you from search to found
  • We make search perform for you

Slide 4
Access Innovations, Inc.

Sample Client List

  • American Chemical Society
  • ASIS&T
  • The British Library
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Consumers Union
  • Dialog Information Services
  • Discovery Communications
  • EBSCO
  • EconLit
  • Elsevier Science Publishers
  • Encyclopaedia Brittanica
  • Ei – Engineering Information
  • Government Account Office (GAO)
  • H. W. Wilson
  • IEEE
  • Kimberly-Clark
  • Microsoft
  • National Agricultural Library
  • National Geographic Society
  • National Library Board of Singapore
  • National Transportation Library
  • National Security Administration (NSA)
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • New Jersey Hospital Association
  • NIH – National Institutes of Environmental Health
  • OCLC
  • Reader’s Digest
  • Santa Fe Institute
  • Society of Automotive Engineers
  • State of Illinois
  • State of Minnesota
  • Transportation Research Board – IS
  • Weather Channel

Slide 5
Transportation Research Thesaurus (TRT)

  • Appropriate uses
  • Moving TRT to an ontology

Slide 6
Appropriate uses

  • Preparation –indexing & meta-data
  • Organization –database design
  • Presentation –Web, intranet
    • Guided navigation
    • Search by browsing
  • Retrieval –search
    • Query resolution & disambiguation
    • Query expansion

Slide 7
Moving TRT to an ontology

  • Ontology
  • Standards
  • Semantic Web

Slide 8
Taxonomy, Thesaurus, & Ontology

  • Taxonomies and thesauri are not ontologies
  • They are entities
  • Ontology –science of describing kinds of entities
    • “an explicit and formal specification of a conceptualization”

Slide 9
Ontology

  • From philosophy –the science of describing
    • Kinds of entities in the world
    • How they are related

Slide 10
Defining and refining

  • Body
  • Head

Slide 11
Defining and refining

  • BT    Body
  • NT    Head
  • Define BT and NT
    • Broader term/Narrower term
    • OWL -http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/Rec-owl-guide-20040210/
    • SKOS -http://www.w3.org/TR/swbp-skos-core-guide
  • Refine Body/head relationship
    • Whole/part
    • ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 –http://www.niso.org

Slide 12
ANSI/NISO Z39.19-200x

Table 1: Selected semantic relationships among terms
Relationship Type Example
Equivalency  
Synonym UN / United Nations
Lexical variants pediatrics / paediatrics
Near synonymy sea water / salt water
smoothness / roughness
Hierarchy  
Generic or IsA birds / parrots
Instance or IsA sea / Mediterranean Sea
Whole/Part brain / brain stem
Associative  
Cause / Effect accident / injury
Process / Agent velocity measurement / speedometer
Process / Counter-agent fire / flame retardant
Action / Product writing / publication
Action / Property communication / communications skills
Action / Target teaching / student
Concept or Object / Property steel alloy /corrosion resistance
Concept or Object / Origins water / well
Concept or Object / Measurement Unit or Mechanism chronometer / minute
Raw material / Product grapes / wine
Discipline or Field / Object or Practitioner neonatology / infant

Slide 13
Thank you!

  • TOPIC: Transportation Research Thesaurus: Taxonomy Development and Use Cases
  • 14 February 2008
  • 2:00 PM EST
  • Presented by Jay Ven Eman, Ph.D., CEO
  • Access Innovations, Inc. / Data Harmony
  • 505.998.0800 / www.accessinn.com / www.dataharmony.com
  • j_ven_eman@accessinn.com